Background Reading

Here is some of the background reading I’ve been doing.  I’ll be adding more from my notes, and further suggestions are very welcome.

  • Abram, D. (1997) The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human-World New York: Vintage.
  • Agre, P. and Horswill, I. (1997) ‘Lifeworld Analysis’, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research Volume 6
  • Armour, J.P. (1994) Birth of a Metaphor
  • Bachelard, G. (1964, 1994) The Poetics Of Space, Boston: Beacon Press , Boston.
  • Barabasi, A-L. (2002) Linked : The New Science of Networks, Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus
  • Barbrook, R. & Cameron, A. (1997) ‘Californian Ideology’ Chaos
  • Barlow, J.P. (1996) ‘A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace’, February 8,
  • Bateson, G. (2000) Steps to an Ecology of Mind, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • Bear,
    J. (1983) Computer Wimp : 166 Things I Wish I Had Known before I Bought
    My First Computer. Berkeley, Calif.: Ten Speed
  • Benjamin, W. (  ) Illuminations, London: Pimlico Press
  • Besher, A., Engebretson, P. and Bollerot, F. (1995) ‘Virtual Tao, A Cyber-Meditation’ Shambhala Sun  Magazine,
  • Bishop,
    P. (1989) The Myth of Shangri-La : Tibet, Travel Writing and the
    Western Creation of Sacred Landscape. London: Athlone Press
  • Blythe, R. (1969) Akenfield: Portrait of an English Village, London: Allen Lane
  • Bolter, J. D. & Grusin, R. A. (1999) Remediation : Understanding New Media, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press
  • Bricklin, D. 2001,‘The Cornucopia of the Commons’,
  • Broadhurst, Ronald J. C. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr … Translated … By R. J. C. Broadhurst. With an Introduction and Notes. [with Maps.]. pp. 430. Jonathan Cape: London, 1952.
  • Carton, Sean. Internet Virtual Worlds Quick Tour : Muds, Moos & Mushes : Interactive Games, Conferences & Forums. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Ventana Press, 1995
  • Classen, C. 1993, Worlds of Sense, Routledge, London
  • Colquhoun, Kate. A Thing in Disguise : The Visionary Life of Joseph Paxton.
    London: Fourth Estate,
  • Cornucopia
    of Cooperation and Social Spillover, Ross Mayfield,
  • Coverley, M. (2006) Psychogeography London: Pocket Essentials
  • Cross, R. February, 1995, ‘Modem Grrrl’ Wired 119, San Francisco.
  • Curtis,
    P. 1998, ‘Not Just a Game: How LambdaMOO came to exist and what it did
    to get back at me’, High Wired: On the Design, Use, and Theory of
    Educational MOOs, Eds. Haynes,C. and Holmevik, J.R., University of
    Michigan Press, Michigan,
  • Damasio, A. R. The Feeling of What Happens : Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. London: Vintage, 2000.
  • Davis, E. (1998, 1999). Techgnosis : Myth, Magic + Mysticism in the Age of Information. London: Serpent’s Tail
  • Davis,
    E. 1994, ‘It’s a Mud, Mud, Mud, Mud World: Exploring Online Reality’,
    The Village Voice, 22 February,
  • de Kerckhove, D. ‘Network Art and Virtual Communities’, Parallel, Australia, 6 November 1995,  Accessed 6 October 2003
  • Deakin, R. (2000) Waterlog London: Vintage
  • Debord,G. (1992) Society of the Spectacle Trans, Ken Knabb, London: Rebel Press
  • De Certeau, M. (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life Trans. Steven Rendall, Los Angeles: University of California Press
  • Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus : Capitalism and Schizophrenia.
    London: Athlone Press,
  • Dery, Mark. Escape Velocity : Cyberculture at the End of the Century.
    London: Hodder & Stoughton,
  • Dibbell,
    J. ‘A Rape in Cyberspace: How an Evil Clown, a Haitian Trickster
    Spirit, Two Wizards, and a Cast of Dozens Turned a Database Into a
    Society’, The Village Voice, December 23, 1993.
  • Dibbell, Julian. My Tiny Life : Crime and Passion in a Virtual World. London: Fourth Estate, 1999.
  • Dillard, Annie. Pilgrim at Tinker Creek.
    Picador. London: Pan Books, 1980.   Distributed by Tollman Co.,
  • Dodge, Martin, and Rob Kitchin. Mapping Cyberspace. London ; New York: Routledge, 2001.
  • Donnelly, Ignatius. Atlantis: The Antediluvian World … Illustrated. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1882.
  • Edwards, B. (1999) The New Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain, Tarcher
  • Estes, Clarissa Pinkola. Women Who Run with the Wolves : Contacting the Power of the Wild Woman. London: Rider, 1992.
  • Figallo, Cliff. Hosting Web Communities : Building Relationships, Increasing Customer Loyalty, and Maintaining a Competitive Edge. New York ; Chichester: Wiley, 1998.
  • Finn, Christine. Artifacts : An Archaeologist’s Year in Silicon Valley.
    Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press,
  • Flanagan,
    M. and Booth, A. Eds. 2002, Reload: rethinking women and cyberculture,
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press,
  • Frude, Neil. The Intimate Machine : Close Encounters with the New Computers.
    London: Century Publishing,
  • Gibson, William. Pattern Recognition. London: Viking, 2003.
  • Gibson,W.(1984) Neuromancer, London: Gollancz
  • Goodridge, John, and John Clare Society (Peterborough England). Conference. The Independent Spirit : John Clare and the Self-Taught Tradition.
    Helpston [England]: John Clare Society and the Margaret Grainger
    Memorial Trust,
  • Grand, S. 2003, Growing up with Lucy, Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London.
  • Gustaitis, Rasa. Turning on, Etc. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1969.
  • Hansen, S. 2002, ‘The Emotional Machine’, Salon,, Accessed 10 October 2004
  • Haraway,
    D. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in
    the Late Twentieth Century,” in Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The
    Reinvention of Nature (New York; Routledge, 1991), 149-181.
  • Harcourt, Wendy. Women@Internet : Creating New Cultures in Cyberspace.
    London ; New York: Zed Books,
  • Hardin, G. ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, Science, 162(1968):1243-1248.
  • Harper,
    M.C., 1995, ‘Incurably Alien Other: A Case for Feminist Cyborg’,
    Science Fiction Studies Volume 22,
  • Hawthorne, Nathaniel, and Milton R. Stern. The House of the Seven Gables. Penguin Classics: New York ; London : Penguin Books, 1986 [2005 printing].
  • Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Posthuman : Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
  • Hayles. Writing Machines. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002.
  • Haynes,
    C. and Holmevik, J.R , 1998, High Wired: On the Design, Use, and Theory
    of Educational MOOs, University of Michigan Press,
  • Henwood, Felicity, Helen Kennedy, and Nod Miller. Cyborg Lives? : Women’s Technobiographies. York: Raw Nerve, 2001.
  • Herz, J. C. Surfing on the Internet : A Nethead’s Adventure on-Line. 1st ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1995.
  • Hinchliffe, D. Web 2.0 Blog, 16 October, 2005
  • Hine, Christine. Virtual Ethnography. London: SAGE, 2000.
  • Ibn Jubayr, Mu E. ammad ibn A. E. mad, and Ronald J. C. Broadhurst. The
    Travels of Ibn Jubayr, Being the Chronicles of a Mediaeval Spanish Moor
    Concerning His Journey to the Egpyt of Saladin : The Holy Cities of
    Arabia, Baghdad the City of the Caliphs, the Latin Kingdom of
    Jerusalem, and the Norman Kingdom of Sicily
    . London: J. Cape, 1952
  • image from Museum, Apple II History
  • Jarrett, Dennis. Good Computing Book for Beginners. London: ECC Publications, 1980.
  • John Lanchester, ‘Engine Trouble’, The Guardian, 26.1.06
  • Johnson, Steven. Interface Culture : How New Technology Transforms the Way We Create and Communicate. 1st ed. [San Francisco]: HarperEdge, 1997.
  • Keats, J. ‘On first looking into Chapman’s Homer’
  • Kehoe, Brendan P. (1992) Zen and the Art of the Internet A Beginner’s Guide to the Internet (accessed October 2006)
  • Keith, Arthur Sir. The Engines of the Human Body … Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged, Etc. pp. xvi. 343. pl. II. Williams & Norgate: London, 1925.
  • Kosko, Bart. Fuzzy Thinking : The New Science of Fuzzy Logic. London: Flamingo, 1994, 1993.
  • Kroker, A. & Weinstein, M.(1994) Data Trash: The Theory Of The Virtual Class, Montreal: New World Perspectives
  • Kroker, Arthur, and Marilouise Kroker. Hacking the Future : Stories for the Flesh-Eating 90s. Culturetexts. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.
  • Krueger, M.P. (1983) Artificial Reality, Reading: Addison-Wesley
  • Lakoff, G. & Johnson, M. (1980) Metaphors We Live By, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • LambdaMOO, telnet://
  • Lanchester, J. ‘Engine Trouble’, The Guardian, 26.1.06
  • Lao, Tzu, and D. C. Lau. Tao Te Ching. Penguin, 1963(1985).
  • Larissa
    Conrad and Timothy J. Roper  ‘Consensus decision making in animals’
    Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 20, Issue 8 , August 2005,
    Pages 449-456 (via
  • Leder, D. 1990, The Absent Body, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • LinguaMOO,
  • Liu, Alan. The Laws of Cool : Knowledge Work and the Culture of Information.
    Chicago ; London: University of Chicago Press,
  • Mabey, R. (2006) Nature Cure London: Pimlico
  • MacKenzie, Donald A., and Judy Wajcman. The Social Shaping of Technology. 2nd ed. ed. Milton Keynes, [Eng.] ; Philadelphia, Pa.: Open University Press, 1999.
  • Manovich, Lev. The Language of New Media. Leonardo. Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press, 2001
  • Maps of the Imagination : The Writer as Cartographer.
    San Antonio, Texas: Trinity University Press,
  • Marquez, G.G. (1967, 1998) One Hundred Years of Solitude  London: Penguin
  • Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden. Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. pp. 392. Oxford University Press: New York, 1964.
  • Matsuo, Basho, and Nobuyuki Yuasa. The Narrow Road to the Deep North, and Other Travel Sketches; Translated … With an Introduction by Nobuyuki Yuasa.
    (Penguin Classics.): Harmondsworth: Penguin,
  • Mavromatis,
    A. 1987, Hypnagogia: The Unique State Of Consciousness Between
    Wakefulness And Sleep, Routledge,
  • McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media : The Extensions of Man.
    London: Routledge & Kegan Paul,
  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1945) Phenomenology of Perception, trans. Colin Smith 1958, London: Routledge.
  • Michie, Donald, and Rory Johnston. The Creative Computer : Machine Intelligence and Human Knowledge. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985, 1984.
  • Minsky, M. 1987, The Society Of Mind, Heinemann, London.
  • Mitchell, W. () ME++, MIT Press
  • O’Reilly Emerging Technology Conference, March 2005,
  • O’Reilly,
    T. What is Web 2.0, O’Reilly, 30/9/2005,
  • Ong, W. 1982, Orality and Literacy, Routledge, London.
  • Pang, A. ‘End of Cyberspace’
  • Phenomenology Online, glossary  
  • Pink, D.  (2005) A Whole New Mind: Moving from the Information Age to the Conceptual Age, New York: Riverhead Books
  • Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death : Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. London: Heinemann, 1986.
  • Ratzan,
    Lee (2000)   “Making sense of the Web: a metaphorical approach”.
    Information Research, 6(1) Available at: accessed 14/8/05
  • Reggio, G, (1983) Koyaanisqatsi
  • Rheingold, Howard. Tools for Thought : The History and Future of Mind-Expanding Technology. Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press, 2000, 1985.
  • Rheingold. Smart Mobs : The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus, 2002.
  • Rickard,
    Jolene, ‘First Nation Territory in Cyber Space Declared : No Treaties
    Needed’, CyberPowWow (no date) (accessed
    November 2005)
  • Romanyshyn, R.D. (1989) Technology As Symptom And Dream, London: Routledge
  • Roney-Dougal, Serena. Where Science and Magic Meet. London: Robson, 2002.
  • Rushkoff, D. Renaissance Prospects, a talk at Poptech 2004.
  • Sensory
    Integration and Intuition’, Selfhelp Magazine
  • Shneiderman, Ben. Leonardo’s Laptop : Human Needs and the New Computing Technologies. Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press, 2002.
  • Sikora, T. (2000) Wild as a hawk’s dream: towards an ecology of cyberspace
  • Slouka, Mark. War of the Worlds : Cyberspace and the High-Tech Assault on Reality.
    New York: BasicBooks,
  • Snyder, G. (1990) The Practice of the Wild, San Francisco: North Point Press
  • Solnit, R. (2003) River of Shadows: Edweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West , New York: Viking
  • Solnit, Rebecca. Wanderlust : A History of Walking. London: Verso, 2001.
  • Sondheim, A. Internet Text ii of ii (no date given)
  • Sondheim, A.J. (1999) Jennifer in Phaedra, Ellsworth, ME: Backwoods Broadsides Chaplet Series, No.43
  • Sondheim, Alan. Disorders of the Real. Barrytown, N.Y.
  • Springer, Claudia. Electronic Eros : Bodies and Desire in the Postindustrial Age.
    London: Athlone,
  • Stefik, Mark J. Internet Dreams : Archetypes, Myths and Metaphors.
    Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press,
  • Stone,
    A.R. 1995, The War of Desire And Technology at the Close of the
    Mechanical Age, MIT Press,
  • Stryker, S. ‘Sex and Death among the Cyborgs’, Wired 4.05, May 1996,
  • Sudo, Philip Toshio. Zen Computer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999.
  • Suler, J. ‘The Psychology of Cyberspace’,
  • Thomas,
    S. (1994) ‘All Strapped In’, Wild Women: Contemporary Short Stories By
    Women Celebrating Women, ed. Thomas, S. Overlook Press, New York;
    Vintage, London, pp.87-91
  • Thomas,
    S. (1990) ‘Between the Boys and their Toys’, Where No Man Has Gone
    Before, ed. Armitt, L., Routledge, London,
  • Thomas, S. (1992) Correspondence The Women’s Press, London; 1993, Overlook Press, New York.
  • Thomas, S. (2000) Correspondence web view
  • Thomas, S. (2004) Hello World: Travels in Virtuality York: Raw Nerve Books
  • Thomas, S. et al, (2007) Production and Research in Transliteracy (PART) De Montfort University
  • Thomas, S. (1997) ‘Revolver’ Freebase Journal of Culture and Technology, Ed. Simon Mills,
  • Thomas, S. (2003) ‘Spivak’,  Barcelona Review 35, ed. Adams, J. March-April 2003
  • Thomas, S. (1994) Water Overlook Press, New York; 1995, Five Leaves Press, Nottingham.
  • Thoreau, H.D. ( ) Walden, Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Tillyard, Eustace Mandeville Wetenhall. The Elizabethan World Picture.
    (Pelican Books.): Harmondsworth: Penguin,
  • Toffler, A. (1971) Future Shock. London: Pan Books
  • Tofts, Darren, Annemarie Jonson, and Alessio Cavallaro. Prefiguring Cyberculture : An Intellectual History. Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press, 2003.
  • Torkington, N.
  • Turkle, S. (1984) The Second Self : Computers and the Human Spirit. London: Granada
  • Turkle, S. (1996) Life on the Screen : Identity in the Age of the Internet. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
  • Weizenbaum,
    J. 1966,  ‘ELIZA – A Computer Program for the Study of Natural Language
    Communication between Man and Machine,’ Communications of the
    Association for Computing Machinery 9, pp.36-45. Accessed 20 October 2004.
  • Weizenbaum,
    J. 1976, Computer Power and Human Reason: from judgment to computation,
    W. H. Freeman, San
  • Wertheim, M. (1999) The Pearly Gates of Cyberspace : A History of Space from Dante to the Internet. London: Virago
  • Weyhrich, S 2001 The Apple-1, Apple History
  • Wikipedia
  • Wolmark, Jenny. Cybersexualities : A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs, and Cyberspace. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.
  • Ziegler, Philip. The Black Death. Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1970

[last updated July 2007]